The association Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique (ABB) - Association des archivistes et bibliothécaires de Belgique was founded in 1907 by Arthur Gaillard, then National Archivist, and Joseph van den Gheyn, curator of the manuscripts cabinet of the Royal Library of Belgium.

The association can largely be credited with the success of the International Congress of Archivists and Librarians held in Brussels in 1910 that served worldwide as a prototype for the ICA and IFLA congresses.

In 2007, the association celebrated its centenary with an international colloquium about the history of health. The proceedings of this event were published among the roughly hundred publications edited by ABB.

Two Belgian scientific institutions back up the association: the Royal Library of Belgium and the National Archives of Belgium.